The United States comprises fifty constituent states and a capital district. Their names are commonly used and some of them are quite long, so they are often abbreviated in written documents and on mailing addresses. These two-letter, no period, state abbreviations are recommended by the U. Postal Service and should always be used where a ZIP code follows.
Always put a comma between the name of the city and the abbreviation of the state. Use the comma after the abbreviation, but only if the sentence does not end at that point.
The periods are not used after the abbreviations, only in the case, that the sentence ends there. You should use Postal abbreviations for states only in forms, address blocks and lists and tabular material. Branimir Todorovic Bachelor of Commercial Science, registered tourist guide and a nurse. An enthusiastic bicyclist, passionate reader and pop culture master. Trying to become a great father and a grumpy grandpa.
December 23, Leave a Reply Cancel reply Comment. Enter your name or username. Enter your email. Enter your website URL optional. Close Menu. New Mexico. South Dakota. American Samoa. District of Columbia. Federated States of Micronesia. Marshall Islands. Northern Mariana Islands. Puerto Rico. Virgin Islands.Learn anything from creating dashboards to automating tasks with VBA code! I grew tired of searching for a well-formatted web-page where I could easily grab all 50 states and drop them into Excel mostly to make drop-down lists.
So I took matters into my own hands and have painstakingly listed out of the States in the U. S, their two-letter abbreviations, and their capital cities. All this data is listed with the intent of copying them from the list and pasting them into Excel.
No reformatting, no weird spacing, no removing hyperlinks, notta! And yes, you are most certainly welcome :. Here are the steps I take to paste this data quickly and cleanly into Excel. Make sure you check the box stating My table has headers before clicking OK in the Create Table dialog box.
Check out all the free tutorials and VBA code snippets! Create Excel, PowerPoint, Word add-ins with ease with this revolutionary template and online course! Affiliate Program About Example Files. The Spreadsheet Guru. Add-ins Templates Courses. Ask Me Product Help. The Spreadsheet Guru be the expert in your office. Why I Made This… I grew tired of searching for a well-formatted web-page where I could easily grab all 50 states and drop them into Excel mostly to make drop-down lists.
Resolve Extremely Slow Pasting Into VBA Vault. Follow ChrisMacro.US State Abbreviations in English! Since technology, mobile phones, and social media entered our lives, traditional handwritten letters are sent very rarely. We mostly send emails and text messages: they are simple, convenient, and reach the addressee just in a matter of seconds.
And yet, on some occasions, it just feels right to write a real letter, using a pen and a sheet of paper, and send it via post. A letter requires more effort to write than an email, and this is why it is much more personal than an email or a text. In addition, sometimes sending an email is considered bad taste: for example, wedding invitations still are best to be sent as actual letters.
In order for the letter to arrive at its destination safely, you have to write the correct address on the envelope. Apart from the street name, house number and various other things, it should also include the correct state abbreviation. These all have been standardized by the US Postal Service and have a couple of things in common.
Firstly, every state abbreviation consists of two letters, and these two letters are always capitalized. There also is never a period separating these two letters. In addition, there are some other unincorporated territories of the U. They are very similar to the postal abbreviations of the official states: they consist of two capitalized letters and do not have any periods. The traditional state abbreviations differ from the postal ones. Different style guides, such as MLA Style or Chicago Manual of Style, might suggest additional guidelines that might slightly vary, but most of the rules stay the same.
So, in the traditional state abbreviations, only the first letter is capitalized and all the following letters are lower-case. If the name of a state or a territory has two or more words, then the first letter of every word is capitalized. Most traditional abbreviations also have a period in the end. Some abbreviations are exactly the same as the name of the territory itself.
Table of Contents. Tweet Pin It. Notify of. Inline Feedbacks. Would love your thoughts, please comment.The United States of America is a federal republic  consisting of 50 statesa federal district Washington, D.
States possess a number of powers and rights under the United States Constitutionsuch as regulating intrastate commerce, running electionscreating local governmentsand ratifying constitutional amendments. Each state has its own constitutiongrounded in republican principlesand government, consisting of three branches: executivelegislativeand judicial. Each state is represented by two senators, while representatives are distributed among the states in proportion to the most recent constitutionally mandated decennial census.
Since the establishment of the United States inthe number of states has expanded from the original 13 to the current total of 50, and each new state is admitted on an equal footing with the existing states. As provided by Article ISection 8 of the Constitution, Congress exercises "exclusive jurisdiction" over the federal district, which is not part of any state.
Prior to passage of the District of Columbia Home Rule Actwhich devolved certain Congressional powers to an elected mayor and councilthe district did not have an elected local government. Even so, Congress retains the right to review and overturn laws created by the council and intervene in local affairs. However, sinceits residents have been represented in the House of Representatives by a non-voting delegate. In addition to the 50 states and federal district, the United States has sovereignty over 14 territories.
Virgin Islands have a permanent, nonmilitary population, while nine of them do not. Virgin Islands, which are located in the Caribbeanall territories are located in the Pacific Ocean. One territory, Palmyra Atollis considered to be incorporatedmeaning the full body of the Constitution has been applied to it; the other territories are unincorporatedmeaning the Constitution does not fully apply to them. Ten territories the Minor Outlying Islands and American Samoa are considered to be unorganizedmeaning they have not had an Organic Act enacted by Congress; the four other territories are organizedmeaning they have had an Organic Act that has been enacted by Congress.
The five inhabited territories each have limited autonomy and a non-voting delegate in Congress, in addition to having territorial legislatures and governors, but residents cannot vote in federal elections. California is the most populous state, with 38, residents estimate ; Wyoming is the least populous, with an estimatedresidents.
The District of Columbia, with an estimatedresidents as ofhas a higher population than the two least populous states Wyoming and Vermont. The first state to ratify the current Constitution was Delawarewhich it did on December 7,while the newest state is Hawaii, which was admitted to the Union on August 21, The table below lists the 50 stateswith their current capitallargest city[A] the date they ratified the U.
List of states and territories of the United States
Constitution or were admitted to the Union, population and area data, and number of representative s in the U. House of Representatives. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The US has 50 states and various other territories. For the sovereign states of the Americas, see List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Americas.
For a broader coverage related to this topic, see U. Further information: Insular area. Unincorporatedunorganized [J]. Unincorporated, organized [K]. Unincorporated ; unorganized. Geography portal North America portal United States portal. Current federal law sets the number of voting members of the House of Representatives atwhich are apportioned among states every ten years according to their relative population.Several sets of codes and abbreviations are used to represent the political divisions of the United States for postal addresses, data processing, general abbreviations, and other purposes.
This table includes abbreviations for three independent nations related to the United States through Compacts of Free Associationand other comparable postal abbreviations, including those now obsolete.
As early as Octoberthe United States Post Office recognized common abbreviations for states and territories. However, they only accepted these abbreviations because of their popularity, preferring that patrons spell names out in full to avoid confusion. The traditional abbreviations for U. The purpose, rather than to standardize state abbreviations per sewas to make room in a line of no more than 23 characters for the city, the state, and the ZIP code. Sinceonly one state abbreviation has changed.
The two-letter postal abbreviation system is complicated by the fact that several state names begin with the same letter e. To avoid duplications, some abbreviations are not intuitive. Prior towhen the U. Secretary of Commerce approved the two-letter codes for use in government documents,  the United States Government Printing Office GPO suggested its own set of abbreviations, with some states left unabbreviated.
The United States Postal Service USPS has established a set of uppercase abbreviations to help process mail with optical character recognition and other automated equipment. These two-letter codes are distinguished from traditional abbreviations such as Calif. The Associated Press Stylebook states that in contexts other than mailing addresses, the traditional state abbreviations should be used. The postal abbreviation is the same as the ISO subdivision code for each of the fifty states.
These codes do not overlap with the 13 Canadian subnational postal abbreviations. The U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of U. Wikimedia list article. See also: List of states and territories of the United States.
December 9, Retrieved March 12, Washington, D. January 1, A new and complete statistical gazetteer of the United States of America. Colton and Company. Retrieved February 26, Retrieved January 7, NSG Standards Registry. Retrieved February 6, GMA News.
October 28, Retrieved March 17, January 9, May 28, Archived from the original on July 5, Retrieved April 21, If you are like most people, the chances are good that nowadays, you hardly ever write an address on an envelope and put it in the mail. However, do you get a thrill from receiving an envelope or package addressed to you? But, do you ever send off packages to other people? It was designed with a specific goal in mind — facilitating the sending of mail as the country was expanding westward in the s.
We still use the same system today, albeit supplemented with the use of email and other electronic communication. The United States had a postal service from before its founding inbut as it expanded westward, the need for a more centralized, more systematic service became apparent.
List of State Abbreviations (Download CSV, JSON)
It had a listing of every post office in the country so that people could know where to go to drop off their mail and pick something up. The Table of Post Offices encouraged people to spell out the entire name of the state, but who has time to do that? People commonly wrote out abbreviations for the states, but without a standard system in place, it would be too easy to confuse, say, Miss for Mississippi and Miss for Missouri. The Table gave a list of accepted abbreviations to prevent this confusion.
As the number of states grew, so did the list of abbreviations. If someone failed to collect his or her mail, he would deliver it personally. New employees — mostly women, who were working on the home front while men were serving in Europe and the Pacific — had to be quickly trained to ensure that mail could continue to be delivered, especially letters from soldiers overseas.
The system consisted of numbers for zones in each major city so that the mail could be more quickly sorted by people who did not have extensive knowledge of the postal service. For example, BirminghamAlabama was divided into several different zones, and an addressed envelope might say Birmingham 7, Alabama, to indicate the zone in which the address was.
The system was so helpful that it continued after the war ended in Today, there is roughly one post office for each ZIP code, so you probably have a post office nearby.
Some places, like Manhattan in New York City, have such dense populations that one ZIP code may consist of only one or two city blocks. Other areas, like rural regions of Alaskaare so sparsely populated that one ZIP code may cover hundreds of miles.
Whereas USPS had previously requested that people write out the full name of the state, it now wanted the two-letter codes to leave room on the envelope for the ZIP code.
Up until this point, the state abbreviations were usually more than two letters, such as Miss for Mississippi and W. The changes standardized the two-letter abbreviations into codes, so Miss is now MS.Although email has made the task of communicating with friends and family much easier, there are still many occasions where you will need to send a letter the old-fashioned way.
For example, even if you're extremely tech-savvy it's still considered poor taste to email your wedding invitation!
The Two-letter States Abbreviations in US
To make sure your mail arrives at the correct destination, you'll need to use the appropriate US state abbreviations. If you're writing a report or article, you might need the traditional state abbreviations instead, which you'll find below the postal abbreviations. These official state abbreviations have all been standardized by the United States Postal Service. State abbreviations are all two letters, and these two letters are always capitalized without any periods.
Similarly, the Alabama abbreviation is AL and not Al. Here is a list of all 50 US state abbreviations plus the territories:. Outside of the 50 main states in the Union, the United States has several territories in different parts of the world too.
These territories may not be official states, but they still adhere to the same formula of two capital letters for their official abbreviations. In addition to the postal abbreviations listed above, the states in the United States can also be shortened with a system typically called "traditional" abbreviations. Most, if not all of these predate the official postal system and they continue to be used in newspaper stories, academic articles, and other formal writing contexts.
Be sure to check the official style guide that applies to your writing — like MLA StyleAP Styleor Chicago Manual of Style — for additional rules and guidelines for writing about states and other locations.
Note that with the traditional state abbreviations, the first letter is capitalized, subsequent letters are lower-case unless they're abbreviating a new wordand each abbreviation where the name is not written out in full ends in a period. Additional address abbreviations can be found on the United States Postal Service website.
You'll also find a variety of other useful information there in regards to sending letters and parcels through the mail. Now you have the abbreviation you need, you might want to learn about the largest cities in each state and around the world.
Traditional State Abbreviations In addition to the postal abbreviations listed above, the states in the United States can also be shortened with a system typically called "traditional" abbreviations. Alabama - Ala. Alaska - Alaska Arizona - Ariz.
Arkansas - Ark.
California - Calif. Colorado - Colo. Connecticut - Conn. Delaware - Del. District of Columbia - D. Florida - Fla. Georgia - Ga. Indiana - Ind. Iowa - Iowa Kansas - Kans. Kentucky - Ky. Louisiana - La. Maine - Maine Maryland - Md.